The POWER OF DRIP –FERTIGATION TECHNOLOGY

By : DR. P. Soman, Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd.
Over the last two decades or so productivity in agriculture and horticulture have gone to very high levels because of the increased adoption of drip irrigation and fertigation technologies. Jain drip farmers have hugely benefited from the systematic use of this twin technology. Given below is the yield enhancement data that we have collected over a period of 5-8 years from farmers from various states in India. The data emphatically proves the power of drip fertigation technology.
YIELD IMPROVEMENT UNDER HIGH TECH FARMING WITH DRIP AND FERTIGATION (INDIA)
  CROP Yield under Conventional method (t/acre) Yield under High tech cultivation with drip irrigation (t/acre)
CEREALS 1 Rice 2.0 3.9
  2 Wheat 1.8 2.9
  3 Maize 2.4 4.0
 
PULSES 4 Pigeon pea 0.6 1.4
 
COMMERCIAL CROPS 5 Cotton 0.7 2.0
  6 Sugarcane 32 70
 
OIL SEEDS (Orchards) 7 Oil palm 9.0 13.0
  8 Coconut 6000 nuts/yr/acre 8400 nuts/yr/acre
 
FRUITS
(Orchards)
9 Banana 20 36
  10 Pomegranate 6 (10th yr) 9 (5th yr)
  11 Mango 2.5 (12th yr) 6.5 (5th yr)
  12 Guava 4 10
  13 Papaya 23 35
  14 Citrus- Orange 4 8
  15 Sweet lime 9 15
  16 Custard apple 3 5
  17 Water melon 10 19
  18 Grapes 10 25
  19 Cashew nut

0.65

1.2
  20 Apple ## 4.8 2.4
  21 Strawberry$ ... 15
 
VEGETABLES 22 Onion 6 14
  23 Potato 10 21
  24 Brinjal 14 26
  25 Tomato 25 40
  26 Okra 6 13
  27 Beans 7 11
  28 Gourds ( Bitter gourd) 6 10
  29 Chilly (dry) 2.5 4.0
  30 Gherkin (cucumber) 7.0 11.0
  31 Capsicum 12.0 30.0
 
PLNATATION CROPS 32 Coffee 450 kg/acre 600 kg/acre
  33 Tea 1000 kg/acre 1800 kg/acre
  34 Cocoa (as Intercrop in coconut) 256 kg/acre 320 kg/acre
 
SPICES 35 Cardamom (dry) 67.6 kg/acre 264 kg/acre
  36 Black pepper (dry) 550 kg/acre 850 kg/acre
  37 Ginger 6.0 9.0
  38 Turmeric (dry) 2.5 5.3
 
Seasonal Oil seeds 39 Canola/Mustard 0.7 1.3
  40 Sunflower 0.45 1.0
  41 Ground nut 0.4 1.2
  42 Soybean 0.6 1.4
  43 Castor 1.0 1.5
 
TUBER CROPS 44 Cassava 10.0 16.0


Source: P Soman, Jain irrigation -collected from farmers.
$ no one grows Straw berry with conventional method
## Indian Apples are generally low yielding varities
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